Front end developer roadmap for 2022

 Front end Developer Roadmap

A front-end web developer is responsible for creating a website's or web application's user interface. He or she is mainly responsible for developing the visual component and making it interactive so that the user can interact with it.

Front-end web development has become more difficult in recent years. There's a lot more to it than HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. There are several technologies to master, as well as numerous activities. You will certainly become a good front-end web developer if you have the passion and discipline.

In this post, we'll show you how to learn front-end web development in 2021 using a front-end web developer roadmap.

How Does Web Work

It's much easier to understand the basics of the web before diving into some technology. We're learning how the web works and how it all began, which is essential knowledge for any developer. You'll need to read about HTTP, domain names, hosting, and browsers, as well as how they function.

Here's a rundown of some things to think about:

  • What is the internet, exactly?
  • What is the Internet's principle of operation?
  • What is HTTP, and how did it originate?
  • What are browsers and how do they work?
  • What's the difference between hosting and a website domain name?
  • How DNS works?

Html and CSS

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is a programming language that allows you to create web pages. It's used to build the website's skeleton or markup. You must learn the fundamentals of HTML in this section, but you should focus on HTML forms because they will be critical in the future.

You should start learning the fundamentals of CSS once you have a clear understanding of HTML. Cascading Style Sheets is what CSS stands for. It's used to specify the appearance of HTML elements. It can also be used to create responsive templates and enhance the aesthetics of your website.

Learning CSS is easy, but mastering it is more difficult. You'd like to focus on a few subjects in particular.

  • The box model explains how margins, padding, and borders interact.
  • The unit is a measurement that's used to express the lengths (rem, vh , and vw).
  • The type of positioning method is specified by the position parameter. Many people are also puzzled by it, so give it some thought.
  • Variables are entities that can be reused across multiple pages of a document. This is my favorite CSS feature. They make CSS so much fun to work with, and you can make themes with only a few lines of code.
  • Media query Determines what should be displayed on various screen sizes. They're an important part of responsive design.
  • Flexbox and CSS Grid are used to create responsive layouts.

Git and Github

Git is a version control system for tracking changes to your code and files over time. It enables you to go back to a previous version of the codebase with no problems. It also assists collaboration with others who are working on the same code.

To understand the basics of Git and how to use it from the command window. Create a Github account and learn how to create your first repository so you can use Git to push your HTML and CSS code to it. This will instill in you the habit of using Git and Github in future front-end web development projects.

Website Deployment

Now that you've learned HTML and CSS, you can use them to make simple web pages. You will, however, need to publish them on the internet so that others can see them.

It was a lot more difficult back in the day. But now it's incredibly simple, thanks to tools like GitHub Pages and Netlify.


I can't imagine the web without JavaScript; it's the queen of web development. For web developers, it is the best programming and scripting language. It can be used for a variety of purposes, including front-end, back-end, mobile apps, and so on.

When it comes to JavaScript, you must first learn the fundamentals. Variables, data types, functions, arrays, and objects, to name a few. You must also learn how to manipulate the DOM, among other things.

Here's a checklist of things to think about:

  • Basic Construct and Syntax
  • Learn how to manipulate the DOM.
  • Learn how to use the Fetch API and Ajax.
  • ES6+ is an extended version of ES6.
  • Modular javascript.
  • Closures, Scope, Async Await, Prototype, Shadow DOM, Hoisting, Strict, and other concepts should be understood.


Sass is an acronym for Syntactically Awesome Stylesheets. It's a CSS pre-processor that makes working with CSS easier, cuts down on repetition, and saves time. This will allow you to easily style your pages with fewer lines of code. It's a supercharged version of CSS.

If you work with CSS a lot, Sass is a great tool to have. It simplifies your life and prevents you from repeating yourself in CSS.

Package manager and Web Bundler

NPM and Yarn are the first package managers that come to mind when I think of package managers. So choose one of these two and learn the fundamentals of it.
A package manager is a program that automates the installation, updating, configuring, and removing of programs or projects.

Then you'll need to learn about building tools. Task runners (NPM scripts or Gulp) and web bundlers are examples (Webpack, or Parcel)

Pick a framework

After learning all of the above fundamentals and tools, you can choose any JavaScript framework. I strongly advise you to begin with React or Vue. You can also use Angular if that's what you're looking for.

It's actually a JavaScript library for creating user interfaces in React. It is component-based and features a virtual DOM, making your web application more performant and faster. Vue is a fantastic framework with a fantastic community and documentation. After all, they're just tools; what matters is that you understand the fundamentals (JavaScript).

You should also learn about state management; depending on the framework you choose (Redux, VueX...), you can use a variety of tools.

Server-side Rendering

Next.js is a server-side rendering and static website generation framework. Yes, Next.js is still relatively new, but I believe it is a skill that all React developers should possess. If you're going to use Vue, you'll also need to learn about Next.js, which is used for server-side rendering. I believe you will need to learn Universal in order to learn angular.

Following that, you'll want to create some applications, such as a Job Search tool, a blog, or a Document page, etc.

Testing your App

You'll need to know the difference between unit, integration, and functional tests and how to write them when it comes to testing.


As you can see, front-end web development has become increasingly difficult. There are numerous tools to be learned. You can do it and become a great developer if you have the passion. Simply put, you will never be good at what you are doing if you do not practice.


  1. 2021 RoadMap For Front-End Web Developer
    How to become a front-end developer in 2021? So here’s the roadmap I was referring to at the beginning of this blog. It includes personal recommendations, alternative options, and other good-to-know technologies and tools that you can learn anytime.

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